Prenatal Massage Therapy
Prenatal massage can help relieve some of the physical and emotional stresses women experience during pregnancy. Many woman find relief with massage from the strain put on the spine and lower extremities by the extra weight they gain while carrying a child. Women confined to bed during pregnancy can benefit from the improved circulation, joint movements, and social contact during pregnancy. Comfort and positioning are important factors during a prenatel massage. Side-lying, reclining, supine, and prone positions each have their place in giving massage to a pregnant woman.
What is prenatal massage?
Massage during pregnancy is therapeutic bodywork which focuses on the special needs of the mother-to-be as her body goes through the dramatic changes of the childbirth experience. It is a fast-growing field in the United States that has attracted the interest of labor and delivery nurses, nurse-midwives, childbirth educators ad obstetricians. Massage therapy enhances the function of muscles and joints, improves circulation and general body tone, and relieves mental and physical fatigue.
The popularity of prenatal massage is the result of a trend toward a higher level of wellness, especially during pregnancy. Many women are postponing childbirth until they have achieved other goals, such as careers and relationships. Because of this, pregnancy is anticipated and enjoyed to its fullest for the wondrous experience it is. Today’s pregnant women – along with other health care consumers – are looking for alternative approaches to support traditional health services.
Pregnancy massage can be done in different ways. Pregnant women may lie on their sides to be massaged, and they can actually lie on their bellies, since a specifically designed pillow has made it possible for expectant moms, no matter how far along they are, to lie flat on their stomachs. It accomplishes this with a deep center cutout in the pillow, so that bellies are accommodated and moms-to-be are relaxed and comfortable.
After the first 22 weeks of pregnancy, lying flat on your back can cause pressure on deep blood vessels, due to the growing baby, thereby reducing circulation to you and your baby. To avoid this problem, pillows can be used to ensure that you are lying down and looking at the wall rather than the ceiling. Body pillows are especially effective for the side-lying position.
Benefits of prenatal massage
In addition to the fact that massage during pregnancy just plain feels good, there are many other benefits for the mom-to-be and her baby, too. A study conducted by Dr. Tiffany Field at the University of Miami School of Medicine showed that massage actually reduces stress hormones in the body. Touch is vital to the mother’s physical and emotional well-being as she adapts to her new body image. Regardless of individual circumstances, a pregnant woman’s body is challenged, changed and stressed in many ways. Massage gives special attention to the mother-to-be, which in turn nurtures the new life that grows within her.
- Benefits of prenatal massage include:
- emotional support and nurturing touch;
- relaxation and decreased insomnia;
- stress relief on weight-bearing joints, such as ankles, lower back and pelvis;
- neck and back pain relief caused by muscle imbalance and weakness;
- assistance in maintaining proper posture;
- preparing the muscles used during childbirth;
- reduced swelling in hands and feet;
- lessened sciatic pain;
- fewer calf cramps;
- headache and sinus congestion relief.
Is prenatal massage for you?
Massage during pregnancy is usually safe for most mothers. Your massage therapist will want to know if you are having any problems or complications with your pregnancy before you begin. If you are, then your therapist will require approval from your primary health care provider before proceeding with any bodywork. The following are circumstances in which massage should not be performed:
- heavy discharge (watery or bloody);
- contagious illness;
- unusual pain;
- high blood pressure;
- morning sickness;
- abdominal pain;
- any malignant condition.
Areas of the body that should not be massaged include:
- skin rashes, open sores, bruises;
- raised or distended varicose veins;
- local infection sites.
In addition to these areas, one other precaution needs to be mentioned: Direct and sustained pressure should not be applied to the area between the ankle bone and heel. This area is considered by many massage therapists and reflexologists to relate with the uterus and vagina, and it is thought that heavy pressure to this area could promote early labor. Assuming there are no other precautions or considerations, it should be all right to massage the rest of the feet.